By Eric W. Robinson
What used to be historic democracy like? Why did it unfold in old Greece? An superb variety of volumes has been dedicated to the well-attested Athenian case, whereas non-Athenian democracy - for which proof is tougher to return by way of - has bought in simple terms fleeting awareness. however, there exists a scattered physique of historic fabric relating to democracy past Athens, from old literary authors and epigraphic files to archaeological facts, out of which you may construct an figuring out of the phenomenon. This booklet provides an in depth learn of old Greek democracy within the Classical interval (480 - 323 BC), concentrating on examples outdoor Athens. It has 3 major objectives: to spot the place and while democratic governments verified themselves in historic Greek city-states; to provide an explanation for why democracy unfold to many elements of Greece during this interval; and to extra our figuring out of the character of historical democracy through learning its practices past Athens.
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Extra resources for Democracy beyond Athens: Popular Government in the Greek Classical Age
Pol. b–, a–b. The last passage also shows how Aristotle will sometimes use demotikos as almost a synonym for demokratikos. Note the similar case in archaic Ambracia, where property qualifications for office also erode, resulting in demokratia: a–, a–, and a–b; Robinson, First Democracies, –. T. H. Nielsen in Inventory, –. Pace W. P. Wallace, “Kleomenes, Marathon, the Helots, and Arkadia,” JHS (), –. (on troubles caused for Sparta by Arcadians working together against them), suggest to the author that the Arcadians formed a political league around this time.
Larsen, Greek Federal States, –. . Robinson, First Democracies, –. ; Diod. Sic. . v. Elis (vol. v, ), –; G. Busolt and H. Swoboda, Griechische Staatskunde, vol. i, –; Gehrke, Stasis, –. More recently, J. Roy, “The Synoikism of Elis,” in T. H. ) Council of . Indeed, the echoes of terms often associated only with democratic Athens (demos plethuon, a Council of ) have led scholars to posit direct Athenian influence on Elis by means of Themistocles’ presence in the Peloponnese in the late s.
However, such a reading is probably oversubtle. The economical expression of Xenophon is surely designed to relate the sympathies and programs of the two factions, nothing more. This time, however, democracy did not survive the internal and external struggles: the populist faction, encouraged by the support of the (democratic) Arcadians, failed in an attempt to seize control of the city outright, were exiled, and later soundly defeated by their opponents (Xen. Hell. ). More upheavals came in the following decades.
Democracy beyond Athens: Popular Government in the Greek Classical Age by Eric W. Robinson