By Jon Hesk
This publication is a learn of the ways that classical Athenian texts signify and review the morality of deception. it really is rather involved in the best way the telling of lies used to be an issue for the world's first democracy and compares this challenge with the fashionable Western scenario. There are significant sections on Greek tragedy, comedy, oratory, historiography and philosophy.
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Extra info for Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens
Pol. 1338b11±19. wÄste toÁ kloÁn Èll9 ouÈ toÁ qhriwÄdev deiÄ prwtgwnisteiÄ n´ ouÈdeÁ gÁr luÂkov ouÈd9 houÈdeÁ ni twÄn Ællwn qhriÂ wn ÈgwniÂ sito Ån ouÈqeÂ n kloÁn kiÂ ndunonD ÈllÁ mÄllon ÈnhÁr ÈgqoÂv. See Loraux (1986) for the honourable description of the Athenian war-dead as agathoi (`brave', `good') in surviving funeral orations. 65 See Vernant (1992) 242 on this passage: `An excess of andreia runs the risk of resulting in anaideia and hubris, a shamelessness and unrestrained audacity.
Our city is open to the world, and we have no periodical deportations of foreigners in order to prevent people seeing or learning secrets which might be of military advantage to the enemy. This is because we rely, not on preparations and deceits but on our own real courage with respect to deeds (pisteuÂontev ouÈ tiÄ v prskeuiÄ v toÁ pleÂ on kiÁ ÈpÂtiv hÅ twÄÎ Èj9 hÇmwÄn uÈtwÄn eÈ v tÁ eÆ rg euÈyuÂwÎ). There is a di¨erence too in our systems of education. The Spartans, from boyhood are submitted to the most laborious training in courage (oiÇ meÁ n eÈ pipoÂnwÎ ÈskhÂsei euÈquÁv neÂ oi oÆntev toÁ ÈndreiÄ on meteÂ ronti), whereas we pass our lives without such restrictions but we are no less ready to face the same dangers as they are.
3 The points concerning `national character' and `morality' in relation to deceit serve to introduce my argument that the representation of deceptive behaviour and communication is an important component in the construction and reproduction of an ideal Athenian citizen identity. I take certain texts that exemplify or relate to this discourse of identity as my starting point because modern scholarship has tended to characterise ancient Greek culture as much more accepting of deceptive behaviour than modern western civic societies.
Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens by Jon Hesk