By Stanton J. Linden
The literary impression of alchemy and hermeticism within the paintings of such a lot medieval and early smooth authors has been neglected. Stanton Linden now presents the 1st entire exam of this impression on English literature from the past due center a while in the course of the 16th and 17th centuries. Drawing greatly on alchemical allusions in addition to at the useful and theoretical heritage of the artwork and its pictorial culture, Linden demonstrates the pervasiveness of curiosity in alchemy in this three-hundred-year interval. such a lot writers―including Langland, Gower, Barclay, Eramus, Sidney, Greene, Lyly, and Shakespeare―were accustomed to alchemy, and references to it look in quite a lot of genres. but the needs it served in literature from Chaucer via Jonson have been narrowly satirical. In literature of the 17th century, specially within the poetry of Donne, Herbert, Vaughan, and Milton, the services of alchemy replaced. concentrating on Bacon, Donne, Herbert, Vaughan, and Milton―in addition to Jonson and Butler―Linden demonstrates the emergence of recent attitudes and leading edge topics, motifs, photos, and concepts. using alchemy to indicate non secular development and alter, purification, regeneration, and millenarian principles mirrored very important new emphases in alchemical, scientific, and occultist writing. This new culture didn't proceed, besides the fact that, and Butler's go back to satire used to be contextualized within the antagonism of the Royal Society and spiritual Latitudinarians to philosophical enthusiasm and the occult. Butler, like Shadwell and speedy, improved the variety of satirical sufferers to incorporate experimental scientists in addition to occult charlatans. The literary makes use of of alchemy hence show the altering highbrow milieus of 3 centuries.
Read Online or Download Darke Hierogliphicks: Alchemy in English Literature from Chaucer to the Restoration PDF
Best criticism & theory books
Voices of Russian Literature offers in-depth interviews with ten of the main fascinating figures writing in Russian this day. those figures variety from demonstrated authors reminiscent of Andrei Bitov and Ludmilla Petrushevskaya, who started their careers within the post-Stalinist thaw of the Fifties, to beginners like Viktor Pelevin, hailed as probably the most unique writers of the current period.
Thomas Traherne (1637? - 1674), a priest of the Church of britain through the recovery, was once little recognized till the early 20th century, whilst his poetry and Centuries of Meditations have been chanced on. there were in view that miscellaneous courses of his poetry and devotional writings. The Works of Thomas Traherne brings jointly all of Traherne's extant works in a definitive, published version for the 1st time.
? “Remarkably, writes Ted Atkinson, ? “during a interval approximately such as the nice melancholy, Faulkner wrote the novels and tales ordinarilly learn, taught, and tested through students. this is often the 1st complete research to contemplate his such a lot acclaimed works within the context of these not easy occasions.
Glickman argues that early immigrants to Canada introduced with them the expectancy that nature will be grand, mysterious, striking - even terrifying - and welcomed scenes that conformed to those notions of sublimity. She contends that to interpret their descriptions of nature as "negative," as such a lot of critics have performed, is an important false impression.
- Resisting Novels: Ideology and Fiction
- Negative Liberties: Morrison, Pynchon, and the Problem of Liberal Ideology (New Americanists)
- A Spy in the Enemy's Country: The Emergence of Modern Black Literature
- Movements in Chicano Poetry: Against Myths, against Margins
- Style and the Nineteenth-Century British Critic (The Nineteenth Century Series)
Additional resources for Darke Hierogliphicks: Alchemy in English Literature from Chaucer to the Restoration
Rash) he is prone to be deceived by authors and works that promise greater and more spectacular cures and secrets. In marked contrast to the Paracelsian practitioner described earlier, Starkey's subject is "for the most part garrulous, and vainly glorious, ... oft declaiming of his Art, ... of which he is before hand as sure, as he who sold a Bearskin before he had killed the Bear" (58). His pride inspires him only to the highest ends, but incapable of attaining them for reasons of impatience and contempt for requisite training and preparation, he "verifies the Proverb of him, who reaching at a star stumbles at a straw, resolving to appear nothing, unless he may equal the highest, he lives all his life in obscuritie, care, and anxiety" (60).
For unto Crist it is so lief and deere That he wol nat that it discovered bee, But where it liketh to his deitee - The Canon's Yeoman's Talel As has been shown, the commonly accepted medieval and Renaissance worldview, those ideas and assumptions that were held concerning the universe, God, and man, also constituted the supportive framework upon which alchemical theory and practice depended. Commanding the authoritative weight ascribed to "traditional" thought ascending from antiquity, the theory of the four elements and the prima materia, the macrocosm-microcosm idea with its intricate system of correspondences and the anima mundi, and the sulphur-mercury explanation of the generation of metals, was, as much medieval and sixteenth-century literature shows, a matter of comfortable belief although not impervious to doubt.
However, beginning with Bacon's scientific prose and the poems of Donne and Herbert, this singleness of vision is scattered and replaced by what are usually more serious religious, philosophical, and medical adaptations. At a time when alchemical, iatrochemical, and hermetic writing was much concerned with these new directions, it is natural to find Vaughan and Milton following them as well. This line of development does not continue to the end of the century, however, and owing to the New Science, Rationalism, and the general attacks on philosophical enthusiasm in the Restoration period and beyond, we find a return to satire in the works of Samuel Butler, Shadwell, and Swift.
Darke Hierogliphicks: Alchemy in English Literature from Chaucer to the Restoration by Stanton J. Linden