By Angeliek van Hout, Bart Hollebrandse, Co Vet
This Cahiers Chronos quantity experiences on new and ongoing study on stressful, point and modality within which numerous languages has been amassed. The languages mentioned by means of the authors contain (in alphabetical order): Brazilian Portuguese, chinese language, Dutch, English, French, German, Greek, Italian, eastern, Polish, Russian and Spanish. The articles shape a range of the papers awarded on the fifth Chronos convention that came about on the collage of Groningen, the Netherlands, in June 2002. we've classified the papers into 3 sections: demanding, point and Modality. evidently, this ordering is slightly arbitrary on condition that a number of the papers go those relatively inflexible barriers, as they talk about the interaction of stressful and element or demanding and modality. This booklet is of curiosity for students within the box of semantics, good judgment, syntax, and comparative linguistics.
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Extra resources for Crosslinguistic Views on Tense, Aspect and Modality
In (26) PPS-forms do not blur the temporal relations (cf. the adverbial then / dan). FPS is allowed too, when the speaker makes two separate predictions. The relationship between the subclause and the head clause situation is not expressed by the tense form, which is possible because it is expressed by the conjunction anyway. (25) a. She will sleep downstairs tonight because the stairs will be painted. b. Ze zal vannacht beneden slapen omdat de trap geschilderd zal zijn 17. 17 For the (northern) Dutch speakers, who mark the first sentence in (7b) as bad, this sentence is unacceptable, too (cf.
1970). Some observations concerning subordinate clauses in English, Language 46 : 97-115. -C. (2000). Interpersonal Grammar and the typology of clause combining mechanisms in English, Preprint Katholieke Universiteit Leuven 171 : 1-55. Wekker, H. (1976). The expression of future time in contemporary British English, Amsterdam : North-Holland. Noun Phrases and Temporal Information in Dutch Gretel DE CUYPER Antwerp University 1. Introduction : Tense in the Verbal… and the Nominal Domain 1 Studies about tense have mostly been concerned with the verbal domain (Reichenbach 1947).
However, syntactic and temporal subordination do not always run parallel : independent clauses may occasionally contain a relative tense 14. But PPS-tenses never occur in syntactically independent clauses 15. 14 15 The past perfect, for instance, is a relative tense often used in independent clauses. (i) She’d made her own views clear, quite bravely so, at one of the staff meetings earlier that year. (Cain 12) Conversely, FPS-tenses do sometimes occur in dependent clauses, as in (ia–b). The present tense with future time reference in English and Dutch 23 Only expressing a single temporal relation, they are dependent on another post-present situation for their temporal interpretation.
Crosslinguistic Views on Tense, Aspect and Modality by Angeliek van Hout, Bart Hollebrandse, Co Vet