By Michiel Leezenberg
This examine provides an method of metaphor that systematically takes contextual elements under consideration. It analyses how metaphors either rely on, and alter, the context during which they're uttered, and in particular, how metaphorical interpretation consists of the articulation of asserted, implied and presupposed fabric. It supplementations this semantic research with a practice-based account of metaphor on the conceptual point, which stresses the function of sociocultural elements in proposal formation.
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Extra resources for Contexts of Metaphor
1 Literacy and Metaphor What does the above imply for the status of metaphor in nonliterate societies? For as far as I am aware, this question has not been investigated empirically, but some tentative hypotheses may be formulated. Given the findings discussed above, one may assume that - in nonliterate societies at least - literal meanings, abstract categories and conceptual domains play a less prominent role than they are assigned in most modern theories of metaphor. , all of which emerge at a relatively late stage in concept formation only.
This objection can be raised against any semantic approach to metaphor, and we will encounter it again below: how can a theory that explains metaphor in terms of (conventionalized) meanings deal with novel metaphors and the 'creation of new senses'? ), or merely a transfer of words. More importantly, De Int. 16a26 merely requires that a sound functions as a symbol in order to be conventional, not that it has a wholly fixed conventional signification. Further, conventions may obviously change over time, and there is no reason to think that Aristotle would deny that metaphorical use may Aristotle 39 involve precisely such a change of convention: especially metaphors used to name the nameless may easily become the conventional or current way of expressing something.
Luria 1976: 58-59) The last remark is particularly revealing: even when explicitly presented with an appropriate abstract categorial term, illiterate peasants would typically reject it as irrelevant, and at times even as false. They were equally unwilling, for example, to classify both fish and crows as animals. Their classifications thus appear to have a functional rather than taxonomic character. One might surmise that the same persons would feel equally comfortable in classifying a log of wood together with, say, a stove, a furnace, and a fireplace,- items that belong together functionally, though not categorially.
Contexts of Metaphor by Michiel Leezenberg