Download e-book for kindle: Conditionals and Prediction: Time, Knowledge and Causation by Barbara Dancygier

By Barbara Dancygier

ISBN-10: 0521591511

ISBN-13: 9780521591515

This ebook bargains a brand new and in-depth research of English conditional sentences. Dancygier classifies conditional buildings in keeping with time-reference and modality. She exhibits how the elemental which means parameters of conditionality correlate to formal parameters of the linguistic buildings which are used to precise them. thinking about English, the learn additionally offers a framework that may be prolonged to a large variety of grammatical phenomena in lots of different languages.

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Additional info for Conditionals and Prediction: Time, Knowledge and Causation in Conditional Constructions

Example text

The second assumption of Dudman’s approach is that the essence and constitutive feature of 40 Prediction and distance a projectively parsed sentence is that it refers to a fantasy. The speaker of (1), (2), and (3) is thinking steadily futurewards, imagining developments, and assuming the course of history only up to a given point. The third major claim Dudman makes is that what the verb forms in projectively parsed sentences encode is the temporal boundary between history and fantasy. Verb phrases of if-clauses encode the starting point of the fantasy, called the change-over point, which is the point of speech for the Present in (1), a point past with respect to the point of speech for the Past in (2), and a point past with respect to another past point for the Past Perfect in (3).

I will consider sequentiality and causality, as well as inferential, speech act, and metatextual relations. In chapter 4 I will address the question of the speaker’s beliefs about the content, and about the hearer’s knowledge state; I will show how these beliefs influence the choice of formal construction, and correlate with types of p/q relations. The next two chapters will consider in some detail how the form of the clauses and their order contribute to interpretation, and how other conjunctions interact with conditional meaning (I will consider unless and even if in greater detail).

The fact that sentences like (1), (2), and (3) are somehow related to one another has formed the core of all pedagogical descriptions of English. Recently, a new interpretation was offered by Dudman (1984), who describes them all as instances of what he calls “projectively parsed sentences,” which encode judgments arrived at by imagining developments. Dudman’s account is based on three major assumptions. First, projectively parsed sentences may or may not contain if-clauses, but even if they do, the if-clauses constitute a part of the overall message – a projective judgment – and have no independent status of their own.

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Conditionals and Prediction: Time, Knowledge and Causation in Conditional Constructions by Barbara Dancygier

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