By Izchak M. Schlesinger
This learn sheds new gentle at the advanced courting among cognitive and linguistic different types. not easy the view of instances as different types in cognitive house, Schlesinger proposes a brand new knowing of the idea that of case. Drawing on facts from psycholinguistic study and English language information, he argues that case different types are in truth composed of extra primitive cognitive notions: gains and dimensions. those are registered within the lexical entries of person verbs, thereby permitting sure metaphorical extensions. This new method of case allows greater descriptions of definite syntactic phenomena than has hitherto been attainable, as Schlesinger illustrates in the course of the research of the characteristic compositions of 3 situations.
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Extra resources for Cognitive Space and Linguistic Case: Semantic and Syntactic Categories in English (Studies in English Language)
The cookies sold fast to raise some money. The subjects of (25) should be analyzed in the same way as middle verbs. (25) a. This room sleeps two. b. The town hall seats 500 people. It is a characteristic of the room in (25)a that makes it possible and sufficiently convenient for two people to sleep in it. In (25)b the size of the hall is a factor determining its seating capacity. The values of the subjects in (25) on the dimension of CAUSE are — act and — aff. In (25)a, the fact that the room sleeps two need not affect anyone (there may never be anyone sleeping in it);3 and similarly for the seating capacity of the hall in (25)b.
B. c. d. e. The The The The The mine blew up. door opened. vase broke. pansies are growing fast. ice is melting. ), where the noun phrases of (16) are undergoers, that is, Patients or Themes according to most current analyses. On the present approach, however, 36 Agent and subject identical situations do not necessarily have to be analyzed in terms of identical cases (Section 1). Cases are linguistic constructs and are determined by the way a given language structures the situation. It is proposed to analyze (16) like (15).
4 some interviews with the respondents. 4. 3 Main study —findings Before presenting the results for individual sentences, a short quantitative analysis of the number of notions ascribed to a sentence will be given. There appeared to be a strong tendency to assign more than one meaning to experimental sentences. , sentences 10-12) as for the others. 4 presents the number and percentage of judgments involving one or more notions. As stated, for sentences 1-9 each set of three sentences was responded to by twelve respondents.
Cognitive Space and Linguistic Case: Semantic and Syntactic Categories in English (Studies in English Language) by Izchak M. Schlesinger