By Leon Hogenhuis
This ebook throws a penetrating mild at the lifestyles and paintings of the physiologist grew to become neurologist G.G.J. Rademaker opposed to the heritage of flourishing scientific examine within the Netherlands of the early 20th century. It charts the increase and fall of the department of experimental neurophysiology of which Rademaker used to be a grasp, which was once transmitted from Charles Sherrington in England to Rudolf Magnus at Utrecht after which to Rademaker, Magnus's such a lot proficient scholar. attaining its apogee within the Nineteen Twenties and Nineteen Thirties, it used to be changed after global struggle II by way of different much less invasive methods. This biography is a becoming memorial to a guy who, even though a little missed in his personal land, was once acknowledged as a genius by means of his friends around the world.
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Extra resources for Cognition and Recognition: On the Origin of Movement: Rademaker (1887-1957) (History of Science and Medicine Library)
Du Seuil, 2003), the sociologist of science Claude Thélot pointed out that the sons of clergymen are well represented among the ranks of geniuses. Thélot compiled a list of 350 persons generally recognized to have been geniuses—people like Leonardo da Vinci, Bach and Shakespeare—and subjected their individual characteristics to various kinds of analysis. He noted that 5% of this group were the sons of clergy, in particular Protestant ministers. ), and found sons of the clergy in 10 of them. They are particularly well represented among the philosophers (Hobbes, Nietzsche) and those whose genius lay in the field of social thought—and action—like Martin Luther King and Albert Schweitzer, but surprisingly enough the largest cohort is to be found among the mathematicians.
It is impossible to study the operation of one of these groups in isolation by inactivating the sensory nerve on which it is based or by otherwise blocking the sensory perception on which this group depends: the other four groups will probably compensate for the loss of the group in question so that no overall disturbance of the righting reflex is observed. Here, as in other complex functions of the central nervous system, we cannot draw general conclusions from the results of the elimination of a single set of reflex centres.
1855–1 Maart 1952)” Jaarboek der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, 1–8, 1953/1954) 3 Despite the pessimistic statement by Callimachus (305–240 BC, Head Librarian at the great library of Alexandria) that “a big book is a big nuisance”, Magnus’s monograph makes fascinating reading! 4 See in particular pp. 614–643, where the experiments performed by Rademaker on “Die Stellreflexe (Labyrinthstellreflexe; Körperstellreflexe auf den Kopf; Körperstellreflexe auf den Körper; Halsstellreflexe)” [The righting reflexes [Labyrinthine righting reflexes acting on the body, the head and the neck] and “Die Bedeutung des roten Kernes, für die normale Tonusverteilung und die Stellreflexe” [The significance of the nucleus ruber for the normal distribution of muscle tone and righting reflexes] are summarized.
Cognition and Recognition: On the Origin of Movement: Rademaker (1887-1957) (History of Science and Medicine Library) by Leon Hogenhuis