Climate Change and Biodiversity, IPCC Technical Paper V - - download pdf or read online

By H Gitay, A Suarez, RT.Watson, DJ Dokken (Eds).

ISBN-10: 9291691046

ISBN-13: 9789291691043

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2] 23 Changes in land surface characteristics—such as those created by land-cover change—can modify energy, water, and gas fluxes and affect atmospheric composition, creating changes in local, regional, and global climate. Evapotranspiration and albedo affect the local hydrological cycle, thus a reduction in vegetative cover may lead to reduced precipitation at local and regional scales and change the frequency and persistence of droughts. For example, in the Amazon basin, at least 50% of precipitation originates from evapotranspiration from within the basin.

Particular species populations in sites that lie near their current maximum temperature limits could be expected to become extinct if climate warms beyond these limits. As a result of climate change, nature reserve communities may lose species at a faster rate than potential new species can colonize, leading to a long period of impoverishment for many reserves. Thus, biological diversity in nature reserves is under threat from rapid climate change. Networks of habitats and habitat corridors will be required to facilitate migration.

3] Regional Characteristics: The Latin America region is remarkably heterogeneous in terms of climate, topography, ecosystems, human population distribution, and cultural traditions. 93 million km 2. Mountain ranges and plateaus play an important role in determining not only the regional climate and hydrological cycle, but also its biodiversity. The Amazon River, by far the world’s largest river in terms of streamflow, plays an important role in the water cycle and water balance of much of South America.

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Climate Change and Biodiversity, IPCC Technical Paper V - April 2002 by H Gitay, A Suarez, RT.Watson, DJ Dokken (Eds).

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