By Tun-Jen Cheng
The fourth new release of leaders of the People's Republic of China, whereas taking advantage of the status of China's access into the area exchange association and the respect of website hosting the 2008 Olympic video games, should also examine the sobering side-effects of a speedy and internationally-interdependent financial system and a stricken and in simple terms partially reformed political process. this significant booklet ways the learn of the PRC less than Hu Jintao in a two-fold demeanour: by way of reading the hot political parameters during which the party-state services and by means of studying the trendy concerns — at domestic and overseas — which are commanding the eye of China’s new leaders. The booklet tackles a finished diversity of subject matters, together with elites, associations and state–society family, politics and the political implications of monetary swap, family politics and overseas family members.
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Extra resources for China Under Hu Jintao: Opportunities, Dangers, and Dilemmas (Series on Contemporary China)
This, of course, does not mean that promotion to those positions cannot be manipulated by personal clientalism and other factors, but at least it seems to regularize and limit political competition to some extent. However, efforts to institutionalize political procedures above the Central Committee level, particularly at the Politburo and Central Military Commission (CMC) level, have been notably less successful. The CMC, the source of ultimate power in the system, has been highly personalized.
Linz and Alfred Stepan, Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996). qxd 27/10/2005 1:55 PM Page 49 FA3 Is the Chinese State Apparatus Being Revamped? 49 characterized by the interplay of bureaucrats, the local state, and social forces. Perhaps equally important, there has been growing functional differentiation within the bureaucracy. This began with post-Mao state rebuilding, which led to a rapid growth of the number of departments and personnel within existing “line ministries,” the establishment of “stand-alone” administrative capacities by previously latent bureaucratic sectors (such as the State Family Planning Commission), and the creation of new regulatory agencies (such as the National Bureau of Statistics).
Yanzhong Huang While the rise of administration is “a necessary part of capitalism and capitalist society,”1 bureaucracy is not unique to capitalist states. The tasks of socialist construction require revolutionary cadres to co-opt technical experts into the ruling elite. However, rejecting the Soviet model in which techniques and cadres prevail, China under Mao for decades suppressed and denied bureaucratic authority. 2 This situation did not change until after the end of Cultural Revolution. In the post-Mao era, while the principle of the party leadership is still protected from any open challenge, reform seems 1 Theodore Lowi, The End of Liberalism: The Second Republic of the United States (New York: W.
China Under Hu Jintao: Opportunities, Dangers, and Dilemmas (Series on Contemporary China) by Tun-Jen Cheng