By Marco Fontani, Mary Virginia Orna, Mariagrazia Costa
This short deals a singular imaginative and prescient of town of Florence, tracing the advance of chemistry through the biographies of its such a lot illustrious chemists. It files not just vital medical study that got here from the arms of Galileo Galilei and the physicists who in his footsteps, but in addition the expansion of recent disciplines comparable to chemistry, pharmaceutical chemistry, and biochemistry. It recounts how, within the heart a long time, chemistry all started as an utilized technology that served to strengthen the Florentine financial system, really within the cloth dyeing undefined. Later, vital clinical collections based by means of the ruling Medici relatives served because the foundation of popular museums that now condominium invaluable artifacts and tools. additionally defined during this textual content are the chemists comparable to Hugo Schiff, Angelo Angeli, and Luigi Rolla, who have been lively over the process the subsequent century and 1 / 4. The authors inform the tale of the evolution of the Royal college of Florence, which eventually turned the collage of Florence. Of curiosity to historians and chemists, this story is advised during the lives and paintings of the vital actors within the university’s division of chemistry.
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Additional resources for Chemistry and Chemists in Florence: From the Last of the Medici Family to the European Magnetic Resonance Center
1 The Peroxides and the Limiting Oxygenated Forms Piccini became fascinated with Friedrich August Kekulé’s (1834–1907) theory of the valence of the carbon atom and how it might help in understanding its spatial orientation in organic compounds, although it seemed not so well adapted to inorganic compounds. A few years after Kekule’s ideas were published, Dimitri Ivanovich Mendeleev’s (1834–1907) periodic law appeared in 1869. This systematic arrangement of then-known elements according to their atomic weights and recognition of the periodic character of their properties seemed to him a fruitful hypothesis, capable of providing new analogies among the elements and laden with the possibility of discoveries of yet-unknown elements.
Le meraviglie dell’ingegno. Ponte alla Grazie, Firenze, 49–68 4. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Georgoﬁli (1810) VI:186–204 5. Cozzi A (1848) Sulla vita scientiﬁca del cav. prof. Giuseppe Gazzeri. Discorso letto alla R. Accademia Economico-agraria dei Georgoﬁli di Firenze dal socio ordinario prof. Cozzi, A. nella solenne adunanza del 2 gennaio 1848. Atti dei Georgoﬁli XXVI, p 16 6. In this house dwelt Giuseppe Gazzeri, Professor of Chemistry, who enriched the experimental sciences with new discoveries destined to be used for public beneﬁt, brought renown to the Chair by his teaching and words, and to his name with his writings; here he died on 22 June 1847 full of years and of merits, honored with universal esteem 7.
Through successive fractional crystallizations, Piccini obtained the alums of rhodium and cesium free of iridium, and through electrolysis of the alums he was able to obtain pure rhodium. Synthesis of the double sulfates of thallium with ammonium, potassium and rubidium had an entirely different outcome. These alums  were of little interest 40 4 Chemists in the Period of the Institute … to the scientiﬁc community for over two decades until, in the 1920s, Luigi Rolla (1882–1960) and his assistant Lorenzo Fernandes (1902–1977) started on the trail of the elusive rare earth element with atomic number 61.
Chemistry and Chemists in Florence: From the Last of the Medici Family to the European Magnetic Resonance Center by Marco Fontani, Mary Virginia Orna, Mariagrazia Costa