By Mogens Herman Hansen
Even if the polis, or city-state, outlined the essence of classical Greek civilization, facts of its most simple features is woefully inadequate. Now a number one student within the assessment of information from the traditional global sheds new mild on how these devices have been constituted. In a piece of state of the art learn, Mogens Herman Hansen develops a singular process for estimating the final measurement and native distribution of the Greek inhabitants through the historical world—in either the Greek place of origin and its colonies—and explains his reconstruction step via step. Reflecting the leading edge paintings of the Copenhagen Polis Centre in its 2004 stock of archaic and classical Greek city-states, Hansen’s e-book allows for the 1st time to evaluate the whole inhabitants of the traditional Greek international. For 232 out of circa 1,000 city-states, the scale of the city heart will be envisioned, and for 636 city-states, now we have an concept in regards to the dimension of the territory. using a “shotgun process” Hansen derives approximate inhabitants figures and argues that, within the age of Alexander the nice, the inhabitants of all of the Greek city-states should have totaled a few 8-10 million humans. His new estimates bear in mind not just grownup male voters, yet all inhabitants—citizens, foreigners, and slaves of either sexes and every age. In addressing often-conflicting perspectives on estimating populations, their distribution in numerous areas, and their payment styles inside of person states, Hansen quite demanding situations the long-standing opinion that almost all of historical Greeks lived a rural existence outdoor of poleis, and he demands a reconsideration of long-held assumptions concerning the occurrence of a subsistence economic system with little long-distance trade. even supposing quantifications of historical historical past are by no means distinct, they could supply us with helpful information regarding historic societies. The Shotgun strategy is a rigorous review of information that places antiquity in a brand new gentle and offers a brand new context for figuring out many facets of Greek historical past.
By Alan J. Lacey
Because the first version of sunshine Microscopy in Biology: a realistic technique was once released, ideas in glossy mild microscopy have greater significantly. This totally up-to-date variation contains new fabric on themes from the 1st variation in addition to a couple of thoroughly new methods. It starts with a proof of the elemental strategies and is going directly to describe present equipment in chromosome microscopy, immunohistochemistry, fluorescence microscopy, photo construction and video microscopy. New issues contain confocal microscopy, calcium and pH imaging, microinjection thoughts and nanovid microscopy. it is usually newly additional chapters dedicated to mirrored image distinction microscopy and histomorphometry. This variation will end up a useful source for postgraduate and postdoctoral researchers in biomedicine and telephone biology--both these skilled with the innovations and beginners to the sphere.
By Walter Fuhrmann
This 3rd variation of Genetic Counseling has been completely revised to mirror present perform. specifically, the bankruptcy on prenatal prognosis (Chapter 10) has been principally rewritten and significantly extended, reflecting the fast boost ment during this box and its expanding scientific significance. This bankruptcy presents an in depth description of the alpha-fetoprotein attempt and a quick description of ultrasonography for the analysis of morphologic defects. additional, we speak about fetoscopy and the sampling of fetal blood by way of a fetoscope. during this as in previous variants, those descriptions are usually not intended as operating directions for real perform, yet quite as heritage for the final practitioner who's facing the issues of genetic counseling. we've got extra a bankruptcy (Chapter 7) at the use of conditional likelihood (Bayes precept) for the calculation of extra certain particular probability figures. it truly is real that the day-by-day perform of medication sees a ways fewer occasions during which those tools can quite be utilized than a few theoreticians wish to imagine. besides the fact that, the usefulness of those equipment has lately elevated, in particular in circumstances of X-chromosomal recessive illnesses the place the termination of a preg nancy, if the fetus has been ascertained to be male and if the mum is "most most likely" heterozygous, has turn into extra ordinary. With one of these development, the measure of likelihood has to be made up our minds as precisely as attainable.
By Wolfgang Clau?, Cornelia Clauss
Dieses Buch aus der "Bachelor"-Reihe stellt die Grundz?ge der Biologie des Menschen in konzentrierter shape dar - excellent f?r Studierende der Biowissenschaften, speziell f?r Lehramt, und der Medizin, die einen kompakten ?berblick ?ber dieses weite Feld ben?tigen. Das Kernwissen zur Physiologie, Anatomie und Evolution des Menschen ist in kurzen Kapiteln verst?ndlich zusammengefasst und mit klaren Grafiken anschaulich gemacht. ?bungsfragen am Ende jedes Kapitels erlauben eine ?berpr?fung des Gelernten und bereiten auf Klausuren und Pr?fungen vor. Der dargebotene Stoff ist auf die Lehrveranstaltungen von Bachelorstudieng?ngen zahlreicher deutschsprachiger Universit?ten zugeschnitten. Wer ein Studienmodul "Humanbiologie" durchl?uft, als zuk?nftiger Lehrer die biologische Seite des Themas "Mensch" kurz und b?ndig erfassen m?chte oder im Medizinstudium die Grundlagen der Molekularen Medizin verstehen will, ist mit diesem Buch bestens bedient. Hintergrundinformation: Die Humanbiologie geh?rt als (interdisziplin?re) naturwissenschaftliche Disziplin sowohl zu den Bio- als auch zu den Humanwissenschaften. Sie befasst sich zum einen mit der Biologie des Menschen, zum anderen mit den biologischen Grundlagen der Humanmedizin. Ein besonderes Gewicht hat sie auch f?r den Lehramtsbereich (Ausbildung f?r Gymnasien / P?dagogische Hochschulen). conflict die Humanbiologie fr?her eher an der klassischen Anthropologie ausgerichtet, so haben sich mit Einzug der molekularen Wissenschaften die Inhalte mehr in Richtung einer auf den Menschen angewandten molekularen Biowissenschaft gewandelt, die sich mit der Erkl?rung, Pr?vention und Therapie von Krankheitsursachen befasst. Ein Blick auf die im deutschsprachigen Raum angebotenen neuen Studieng?nge zeigt einen regelrechten increase in diesem Sektor (neben "Humanbiologie" treten dabei verst?rkt auch Bezeichnungen wie Molekulare Medizin, Bio-Medizin, Molekulare Biomedizin, Molecular existence technological know-how o. ?. auf). In zahlreichen Bachelor-Studieng?ngen der Biowissenschaften wird die (moderne) Humanbiologie als eigenst?ndiges Modul angeboten. Zudem finden sich solche Module auch in Studieng?ngen der Medizintechnik, der Gesundheitsbildung, des Wissenschaftsjournalismus and so forth. Eine starke Verankerung hat die Humanbiologie schlie?lich an P?dagogischen Hochschulen, wo sie zum Teil in sehr moderne und umfangreiche Programme und Studienangebote eingebunden ist.
By Jacqueline D. Keighron, Christine D. Keating (auth.), Pier Luigi Luisi, Pasquale Stano (eds.)
In the final ten years there was a substantial elevate of curiosity at the proposal of the minimum mobile. With this time period we often suggest a cell-like constitution containing the minimum and adequate variety of elements to be outlined as alive, or at the very least in a position to exhibiting a number of the basic services of a dwelling phone. in reality, once we examine extant residing cells we notice that hundreds of thousands of molecules are equipped spatially and functionally to be able to discover what we name mobile existence. This truth elicits the query even if such large complexity is an important for all times, or a less complicated molecular method can be outlined as alive. evidently, the idea that of minimum cellphone encompasses complete households of cells, from completely artificial cells, to semi-synthetic ones, to primitive telephone types, to basic biomimetic mobile structures. regularly, within the experimental method of the development of minimum the most factor is the compartment. Lipid vesicles (liposomes) are used to host easy and intricate molecular differences, from unmarried or a number of enzymic reactions, to polymerase chain reactions, to gene expression. this day this examine is obvious as a part of the wider state of affairs of artificial biology however it is rooted in origins of existence reviews, as the development of a minimum cellphone may supply biophysical insights into the origins of primitive cells, and the emergence of lifestyles in the world. the amount presents an summary of actual, biochemical and practical stories on minimum cells, with emphasis to experimental methods. 15 overseas specialists file on their cutting edge contributions to the development of minimum cells.
By Bernhard Fetz, Wihelm W. Hemecker
The 1st quantity makes use of case reviews as exemplars to light up the old improvement of the style, whereas the second one quantity offers chapters on a thought of biography focussing on valuable elements reminiscent of the relationship among biography, archive and cultural reminiscence, biography and mediality (writing, movie, photography), biography and psychoanalysis, biography and gender, and on questions of intercultural conversation via biographies. The paintings is edited by means of the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for the historical past and idea of Biography in Vienna.
By National Research Council, Board on Agriculture, Research in Agriculture, Committee on Biosciences
Authored through an built-in committee of plant and animal scientists, this evaluation of more recent molecular genetic innovations and conventional learn equipment is gifted as a compilation of high-reward possibilities for agricultural learn. Directed to the rural learn provider and the rural examine neighborhood at huge, the quantity discusses biosciences learn in genetic engineering, animal technological know-how, plant technological know-how, and plant illnesses and bug pests. An optimum weather for efficient examine is discussed.
By Shawn M. Lehman (Editor), John Fleagle (Editor)
Primate Biogeography is a topic hardly addressed as a self-discipline in its personal correct. This accomplished resource introduces the reader to Primate Biogeography as a self-discipline. It highlights the various elements which can impact the distribution of primates, and divulges the big variety of techniques which are on hand to figuring out the distribution of this order. The biogeography of primates some time past is an enormous section of our realizing in their evolutionary background and is a vital part of conservation biology. This booklet will entice primatologists, actual anthropologists, zoologists, and undergraduates in those parts.
By Charles P. Ordahl
The chapters contained during this two-volume set supply a huge viewpoint at the novel suggestions and conceptual paradigms that force the present resurgence of curiosity in somitogenesis - the method in which somites shape and complex differentiated tissues and buildings. simply because somites are a ubiquitous characteristic of vertebrate embryos, they are often studied in numerous experimental animal types together with these amenable to genetic (zebrafish, mammalian), molecular/genetic (mammalian, avian) in addition to these already good tested for classical experimental embryological and mobile organic reviews (amphibians, avian). the big variety of experimental techniques to somitogenesis which are offered in those volumes will go away the reader with a extensive point of view on how present examine in somitogenesis helps to unravel basic questions in vertebrate improvement and morphogenesis. Key good points* Novel transcriptional mechanisms that keep watch over repetitive trend formation* Wide-scale genetic monitors for mutations affecting somitogenesis* Molecular/genetic keep watch over of trend and tissue formation in the course of somitogenesis* Transplantation of mouse embryo somites* Classical embryological ways and ideas* Evolutionary views on somitogenesis
By Neil A. Hamilton
This identify deals a complete and specified review of the forty four presidents of the U.S.. The president of the U.S. is a hugely obvious public determine, a bearer of vast accountability, and the topic of extreme scrutiny. he's answerable for struggle, financial melancholy, household strife, nationwide safeguard, partisan politics, and in a foreign country clash. "Presidents, 3rd variation" heavily examines the hopes and disappointments, the victories and defeats, and the integrity and perfidy of the lads who've held this workplace. that includes updated details, together with the January 2009 inauguration, this re-creation is an expertly written, designated reference that narrates and explains the lives and careers of America's presidents. it really is an important consultant for someone looking an entire figuring out of the advance and workings of the USA govt, in addition to an excellent learn should you are interested by the interaction of politics, energy, profession, and legacy. entire and available, "Presidents, 3rd version" comprises biographies and pix of all presidents, a close chronology of the political heritage of the us from the Revolution to the current, and steered additional analyzing approximately every one president.