By Terry Des Jardins
Now in its sixth variation, the best-selling textual content, CARDIOPULMONARY ANATOMY & body structure, equips scholars with a rock-solid beginning in anatomy and body structure to assist arrange them for careers as respiration therapists. tremendous reader pleasant, this confirmed, cutting edge textual content offers the main entire and exact information regarding the constitution and serve as of the breathing approach in an approachable demeanour. transparent and concise, it provides complex suggestions in an easy-to-read, comprehensible layout using a whole colour layout and powerful pedagogy, in order that scholars can quite simply observe what they examine once they graduate and begin their expert careers. Newly built-in during the textual content, medical Connections supply direct hyperlinks among bankruptcy thoughts and real-world purposes within the medical atmosphere. New and redrawn complete colour illustrations give you the point of aspect essential to facilitate figuring out of center suggestions.
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Extra resources for Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiology: Essentials for Respiratory Care
When an endotracheal tube is in place, the gas being delivered to the patient must be appropriately warmed and humidified. Failure to do so dehydrates the mucus layer of the tracheobronchial tree, which in turn causes the mucus layer to become thick and immobile. As shown in Figure 1–9, thick and immobile secretions lead to (1) excessive accumulation, (2) partial airway obstruction and air-trapping, or (3) complete airway obstruction and airway collapse. , vallecula, epiglottis, esophagus, vocal folds, and trachea), especially when inserting an endotracheal tube.
In general, the mucous blanket is composed of 95 percent water, with the remaining 5 percent consisting of glycoproteins, carbohydrates, lipids, DNA, some cellular debris, and foreign particles. The mucus is produced by (1) the goblet cells, and (2) the submucosal, or bronchial, glands (see Figure 1–16). The goblet cells are located intermittently between the pseudostratified ciliated columnar cells and have been identified down to, and including, the terminal bronchioles. The submucosal glands, which produce most of the mucous blanket, extend deep into the lamina propria.
The capillaries are where gas exchange occurs. The pulmonary capillary endothelium also has a selective permeability to substances such as water, electrolytes, and sugars. In addition to gas and fluid exchange, the pulmonary capillaries play an important biochemical role in the production and destruction of a broad range of biologically active substances. For example, serotonin, norepinephrine, and some prostaglandins are destroyed by the pulmonary capillaries. Some prostaglandins are produced and synthesized by the pulmonary capillaries, and some circulating inactive peptides are converted to their active form; for example, the inactive angiotensin I is converted to the active angiotensin II.
Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiology: Essentials for Respiratory Care by Terry Des Jardins