By Debaprasad Das
An substitute to Copper-Based Interconnect Technology
With a rise renowned for extra circuit elements on a unmarried chip, there's a turning out to be want for nanoelectronic units and their interconnects (a actual connecting medium made from skinny steel movies among a number of electric nodes in a semiconducting chip that transmit indications from one element to a different with none distortion). Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Nanoribbon Interconnects explores new very important carbon nanomaterials, carbon nanotube (CNT) and graphene nanoribbon (GNR), and compares them with that of copper-based interconnects. those nanomaterials convey virtually 1,000 occasions extra current-carrying skill and considerably better suggest unfastened course than copper. because of their awesome houses, CNT and GNR may possibly quickly exchange conventional copper interconnects. devoted to proving their merits, this e-book covers the fundamental concept of CNT and GNR, and offers a complete research of the CNT- and GNR-based VLSI interconnects at nanometric dimensions.
Explore the aptitude functions of CNT and Graphene for VLSI Circuits
The publication begins with a quick advent of carbon nanomaterials, discusses the most recent examine, and information the modeling and research of CNT and GNR interconnects. It additionally describes undefined, thermal, and mechanical houses, and structural habit of those fabrics. moreover, it chronicles the development of those primary houses, explores attainable engineering functions and development applied sciences, and considers functions for CNT and GNR except their use in VLSI circuits.
Comprising 8 chapters this text:
- Covers the fundamentals of carbon nanotube and graphene nanoribbon
- Discusses the expansion and characterization of carbon nanotube and graphene nanoribbon
- Presents the modeling of CNT and GNR as destiny VLSI interconnects
- Examines the applicability of CNT and GNR by way of numerous research works
- Addresses the timing and frequency reaction of the CNT and GNR interconnects
- Explores the sign integrity research for CNT and GNR interconnects
- Models and analyzes the applicability of CNT and GNR as strength interconnects
- Considers the destiny scope of CNT and GNR
Beneficial to VLSI designers operating during this region, Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Nanoribbon Interconnects offers a whole knowing of carbon-based fabrics and interconnect know-how, and equips the reader with enough wisdom concerning the destiny scope of analysis and improvement for this rising topic.
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An alternative choice to Copper-Based Interconnect know-how With a rise favourite for extra circuit parts on a unmarried chip, there's a growing to be desire for nanoelectronic units and their interconnects (a actual connecting medium made from skinny steel motion pictures among a number of electric nodes in a semiconducting chip that transmit signs from one aspect to a different with none distortion).
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Extra resources for Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Nanoribbon Interconnects
They also performed delay analysis in GNR interconnects and compared the results with other interconnect materials, such as copper, tungsten (W), and CNT. Nasiri et al.  performed stability analysis in GNR interconnects. In their analysis, they studied the relative stability of MLGNR interconnects using the Nyquist stability criterion. Their analysis shows that when length and width are increased, MLGNR interconnects become more stable. Lee et al. 35-μm CMOS chip. They have grown Growth of Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene Nanoribbon 15 large graphene sheets that are further processed by standard lithography methods to produce narrow graphene wires up to 1 mm in length.
2 nm. In , Lu et al. 02 nm, respectively. Another important process variation is one that leads to variation in metallic percentage. Typically, one-third (Pm = 1/3) of the CNTs are metallic in a bundle . The remaining two-thirds are semiconducting and do not contribute to any current conduction. Timing Analysis in CNT Interconnects 43 It has been also found that the number of conducting channels also is a function of CNT diameter . In CNTs with small diameter (<3 nm), increasing the temperature or diameter does not change the number of conducting channels.
Naeemi and Meindl  proposed a compact physics-based circuit model for GNR interconnect. Xu et al.  derived the conductance model of GNR using tight-binding model and linear response Landauer formula. They also performed delay analysis in GNR interconnects and compared the results with other interconnect materials, such as copper, tungsten (W), and CNT. Nasiri et al.  performed stability analysis in GNR interconnects. In their analysis, they studied the relative stability of MLGNR interconnects using the Nyquist stability criterion.
Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Nanoribbon Interconnects by Debaprasad Das