By John F. Myles (auth.)
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Additional resources for Bourdieu, Language and the Media
Ethnomethodology’s more ‘grounded’ approach suggests that empirically demonstrable processes, such as ‘repairs’ in conversation, are the key to a break with common sense – by the generation of a distinctive technical vocabulary to describe it. Ethnomethodologists do sometimes note that there are structural aspects of language which cut across particular situations, even though they usually see these in universal, even ‘primordial’ (Boden and Zimmerman 1991: 12–14), terms. Ethnomethodology takes for granted some of its key categories such as ‘speaker’ and ‘addressee’, positions which actually need to be theorized.
Hasan agrees that Bourdieu’s concern with language as parole allows him to establish a sociological view of language that subordinates the non-arbitrariness of linguistic, semantic, meaning in order to stress the causality of symbolic power. Hasan thus argues that Bourdieu’s approach ‘implicates only the phonological signifier, whose relationship to context, meaning and wording is never constitutive but simply one of expression’ (Hasan 1999b: 63). 34 Bourdieu, Language and the Media The critical discourse analysis (CDA) of Chouliaraki and Fairclough shares many of the SFL assumptions of Hasan.
Jalbert’s study of the media from an ethnomethodological approach, argues that intentionality is ‘unthematized’ (Jalbert 1999: 14) in alternative accounts of the media. Jalbert contrasts the ethnomethodologists’ concern with ‘intentionality’ and ‘motive’ to the over-stressing of the ‘force of objective structures’ in sociological approaches (Jalbert 1999: 10) like Bourdieu’s. In this sense ethnomethodologists are more 46 Bourdieu, Language and the Media open to revealing not just the way ‘members’ create meaning and orderliness in textual practices, but also how fragile the establishment of meaning can be.
Bourdieu, Language and the Media by John F. Myles (auth.)