By Zhen Fang
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Extra info for Biodiesel: Feedstocks, Production and Applications
Algae can be classified as brown, red, and green based on type of pigments. Recently, several brown algae types have been used in the indus‐ try and energy production as an alternative source to fossil fuels, and green algae is also studied to produce biodiesel . 27 28 Biodiesel - Feedstocks, Production and Applications Brown algae have xanthophyll pigments and fucoxanthin, which results the colour of brown algae. These substances mask the other pigments . Polysaccharides and higher alcohols are nutrition reserves of brown algae but the main carbohydrate reserve is laminarin.
Org/10. 5772/52679 1. Introduction In recent years, the rapid depletion of fossil fuels, increase in energy demand, global warm‐ ing, increase in price of fossil fuels depends on economic and political behaviors increased orientation to alternative energy sources. In this context, biodiesel that is one of the renewa‐ ble alternative energy sources draws attention because of its useful features such as easily biodegradable and environmentally friendly. However, biodiesel production from oil crops does not meet the required demand of vehicle fuel, and recently it is not economic and feasi‐ ble.
They are more feasible for large-scale productions due to short doubling time and easy to grow. Unlike Dinoflagel‐ lates they create less second metabolites . Microalgae are investigated as biodiesel feedstock because of their high photosynthetic effi‐ ciency, their ability to produce lipids. Macroalgae usually don’t contain lipids too much and they are taken into consideration for the natural sugars and other carbohydrates that they contain. These contents can be fermented to produce alcohol-based fuels or biogas.
Biodiesel: Feedstocks, Production and Applications by Zhen Fang