Download e-book for kindle: Beyond the science wars: the missing discourse about science by Ullica Segerstrale

By Ullica Segerstrale

ISBN-10: 0791446182

ISBN-13: 9780791446188

Past the technology Wars bargains a large contextualization of the "Science Wars"-an ongoing debate among scientists and social scientists over the character and that means of science-from interdisciplinary sociological, historic, clinical, political, and cultural views. past offering an knowing of the clash itself, this publication provides the reviews of 2 technological know-how and expertise reviews' (STS) "founding fathers" (Bernard Barber and John Ziman), a scientist's protest that STS has deserted its unique challenge, a historian's view of the fluctuating social help for technology, and a sociologist's research of the reasons of "anti-antiscience warriors." furthermore, an STS statesman discusses ongoing structural adjustments in technology, a sociologist kinds out assorted perspectives of objectivity, and an STS veteran from the technology Wars brings us stories from front and evaluates the that means of modern occasions.

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How could this be explained? The explanation may be that Gross and Levitt's criterion for an acceptable social study of science was that the researcher should be willing to acknowledge that science was a realm analytically separate from politics, even though in practice social values might influence science (Gould's writings often seem to reflect just this kind of position). Also, it would be incorrect to believe that the scientists on the war path against social constructivism and relativism were uniformly set against all kinds of social studies of science.

This book is directed as much to scientists and the general public as to practitioners and students of STS. The ambition is to clarify a number of issues and raise some new ones that have been suppressed by the very terms of the debate in the Science Wars. Some important things need Page 2 pointing out from the very beginning. The Science Wars should not be seen as an opposition between scientists and science studies scholars per se. It has been waged by a relatively small minority of "proscience activists" against a particular school within STS, "the sociology of scientific knowledge," or SSKa term standing for social constructivist and relativist orientations (and, when it comes to the humanities, against a particular "postmodern" school).

In their book Collins and Pinch themselves, too, appeared to consider it a democratic thing to declare that science is "contestable" (they compared it with DNA fingerprinting, which they presented as both unreliable and causing convictions of innocents). People like Gross and Levitt, however, would regard it as a weakness if society's progressive forces did not have at their disposal reliable science. For them, the force of the Left is a fundamentally moral one, whose claims about social injustice and inequality rely on potential backup by incontrovertible facts (more on this in chapter 5, this volume).

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Beyond the science wars: the missing discourse about science and society by Ullica Segerstrale

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