By Michael D.C. Drout, Yvette Kisor, Leah Smith, Allison Dennett, Natasha Piirainen
The most unique and ground-breaking paintings on Beowulf in numerous a long time, this e-book makes use of “lexomic” equipment that mix computer-assisted statistical research with conventional methods to bare new and staggering information regarding the development and resources of the best surviving previous English poem. thoughts of cluster research establish styles of vocabulary distribution that point out powerful similarities and ameliorations between segments of the poem. The correlation of those styles with wisdom received from source-study, philological research, and missed prior scholarship sheds new gentle at the fabric of which Beowulf was once made and how it was once composed. the consequences of this research for the courting, constitution, and cultural context of Beowulf will overturn the present scholarly consensus and considerably enhance our knowing of the poem, its nature, and origins.
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Extra info for Beowulf Unlocked: New Evidence from Lexomic Analysis
7 But although Anglo-Saxonists have long been content with the ASPR editions of most other Old English poems, Dobbie’s Beowulf is not the current scholarly standard. The 1953 text avoids many commonly accepted emendations and accepts manuscript forms rejected by most current scholars. D. 9 Regardless of which edition we use,10 the orthographic practices of the two scribes of the manuscript create some significant problems for computer-assisted analysis. As noted above, minor variations in orthography do not seem to affect cluster analysis substantially unless the variations are consistently distributed,11 but such, unfortunately, is the case in Beowulf, which was copied by two scribes, A (lines 1–1939) and B (lines 1939– 3182 and corrections of A’s work).
Elliott Van Kirk Dobbie, Beowulf and Judith. New York: Columbia University Press, 1953. , 18–24. Scholarly approval of KL4 is widespread but not universal. Kevin Kiernan’s Electronic Beowulf, for example, presents an edition far closer to the manuscript text, and thus much closer to Dobbie’s, than Klaeber’s; Kevin Kiernan, ed. , London: British Library, 1999. , ed. Béowulf and Judith, revised by Jess B. Bessinger, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1966; Julius Zupitza, ed. xv. 2nd ed. Oxford: Early English Text Society, 1959.
In the dendrogram of the normalized text, although the B-Scribe material is no longer isolated, some of the relationships noted in the un-normalized text are not disrupted: segments 6 and 1 still cluster together, and a stepwise cluster of 3, 2 and 9 remains separated at the highest level of the dendrogram (although 10 now joins these three segments). The grouping of 5 with 7 and 8 also remains, but in the normalized text, 13 is part of that cluster while in the original screening it was 4 that was included.
Beowulf Unlocked: New Evidence from Lexomic Analysis by Michael D.C. Drout, Yvette Kisor, Leah Smith, Allison Dennett, Natasha Piirainen