Download PDF by Rijk: Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 2: The

By Rijk

ISBN-10: 9004124675

ISBN-13: 9789004124677

This research intends to teach that the ascription of many shortcomings or obscurities to Aristotle is because of the power misinterpretation of key notions in his works, together with anachronistic perceptions of assertion making. within the first quantity, released individually (ISBN: 90-04-12324-5), Aristotle's semantics is culled from the Organon. This moment quantity offers Aristotle's ontology of the sublunar international, and will pay particular realization to his technique of argument in gentle of his semantic perspectives. This booklet is geared toward all these attracted to old and Medieval Philosophy, the historical past of common sense and semantics, and the advance of metaphysics, in addition to classical philologists and theologians.

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Extra resources for Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 2: The Metaphysics. Semantics in Aristotle's Strategy of Argument (Philosophia Antiqua)

Example text

If on the other hand they are not universals but of the 51 I take the notion 'one' to refer to 'the state of being-one'. This is the key notion in the expression εν σημαίνειν, which is of p a r a m o u n t significance in Aristotle's semantics of terms. 35. 53 The 11th aporia is extensively discussed in Berd (1979), 89-129, and Madigan (1999), 107-18. 54 Ross's translation "universal or what we call individuals" seems to be beside the point, because the way we bring up the individuals for discussion is in order, not our use of the name 'individual'.

Further, the substance of each particular is one non-coincidentally, and so is what precisely a thing is (όπερ öv τι). All this being so, 81 there must be as many kinds of oneness as of beingness, 82 and the precise nature of what concerns these (περί ών τό τί έστι) is the task of a discipline which is generically one — I mean, for example, concerning the same and the like and the other notions of this kind. Practically all contraries derive from this origin [viz. beingness and oneness].

It bears on the precise m e a n i n g s of the key terms 'being' and ' o n e ' and aims at assessing their mutual relationships, and, by the same token, is c o n c e r n e d with the semantic analysis of things-that-are: Ibid. ) that "the argument assumes that something predicated of a plurality of things is alongside those things and exists independently of them"; he thus seems to miss Aristotle's anti-Platonic point. 49 Again, Aristotle is anticipating the discussion of Book Z. 50 T h e decisive difference between Plato and Aristotle is that unlike Plato, Aristotle does not hypostatize this formal difference.

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Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 2: The Metaphysics. Semantics in Aristotle's Strategy of Argument (Philosophia Antiqua) by Rijk


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