Arctic Science, International Law and Climate Change: Legal - download pdf or read online

By Guido Westerwelle (auth.), Susanne Wasum-Rainer, Ingo Winkelmann, Katrin Tiroch (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3642242022

ISBN-13: 9783642242021

ISBN-10: 3642242030

ISBN-13: 9783642242038

Developments within the Arctic area are more and more a part of overseas dialogue. The ebook encompasses a entire and interdisciplinary research of the present difficulties round marine clinical study within the Arctic zone. It combines clinical, felony and coverage features. the most questions addressed are: ongoing and destiny Arctic marine examine, marine examine within the Arctic Ocean in perform, the felony framework, enlarged continental cabinets and the liberty of marine technological know-how and particularities and demanding situations of the Arctic quarter. The members are prime specialists within the box of politics, legislations and science.

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Additional info for Arctic Science, International Law and Climate Change: Legal Aspects of Marine Science in the Arctic Ocean

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By doing this AMAP was able to compare the levels of contaminants observed in the Arctic with levels published from other monitoring and research programs being conducted at lower latitudes.  AMAP, The Monitoring Programme for Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme, AMAP Report 93:3 (1993) (‘AMAP [1993a]’).  AMAP, AMAP Trends and Effects Programme 1998-2003, AMAP Report 1999:7 (1999). g. the marine or terrestrial environments, and possibilities of following contaminants from their sources through the environment to their ultimate fate were very limited.

IV. Results Over the past 20 years, the priority ‘issues of concern’ for the Arctic environment and its people with respect to pollution have been associated with the following contaminant groups: radionuclides, persistent organic pollutants, certain heavy metals – especially mercury –, acidifying substances, radiatively important trace species (climate forcers), and petroleum hydrocarbons. Some of these contaminants are of circumpolar concern, while others are of concern at more regional and local levels.

Although mercury emissions to the atmosphere have decreased over the past two decades in Europe and North America, following the introduction of improved emission control devices at power stations and shifts in fuel used for energy, this has been offset by increasing emissions from South East Asia - mainly China, Figure 2. Fig. 2. Source: Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme   Ibid. AMAP, Arctic Pollution 2011 (2011) (‘AMAP [2011b]’). 28 Lars-Otto Reiersen & Simon Wilson The net result is that anthropogenic emissions to air have remained relatively stable since 1990.

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Arctic Science, International Law and Climate Change: Legal Aspects of Marine Science in the Arctic Ocean by Guido Westerwelle (auth.), Susanne Wasum-Rainer, Ingo Winkelmann, Katrin Tiroch (eds.)

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