By Jeremy Johns
Jeremy Johns' precise learn is the 1st complete account of the Arabic management of Norman Sicily. whereas it truly is ordinarily assumed that the Normans inherited their management from the Muslim governors of the island, Johns demonstrates that the Norman kings truly restructured their management to the version of Fatimid Egypt. Controversially, he means that their goal used to be now not administrative potency, however the projection in their royal photo. This available account of the Norman rulers finds how they on the topic of their opposite numbers within the Muslim Mediterranean.
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Extra info for Arabic Administration in Norman Sicily: The Royal Diwan
1068). 287–9. 261–3. 77–82. 44) – claimed responsibility for the lifting of the ﬁushr from Sicilian Jews seems to be unjustified. 17–18. 150. Sicily is not mentioned by name, but the sums mentioned are all reckoned in tarì (†eriyyım), which would seem to indicate the island. 180–1, 183. Chapter 1 ‘In the time of the Saracens …’ 29 A long letter written after 1035 by the Jewish community of Palermo to that of al-Mahdıya, in praise of ˘ayyım, alias Khalaf ibn Yaﬁqüb the Spaniard, his son Nissım, Moses ibn Ya˛y the Perfumer, ﬁAmmr ibn Joshua al-˘alabı, and other of their leaders, gives a long and rambling account of many similar incidents; the manuscript is extremely lacunose and the precise details are exceedingly obscure.
39–42, 44. Chapter 1 ‘In the time of the Saracens …’ 13 documents that they produced but almost exclusively from chancery handbooks and scattered anecdotes. The Arabic documents of Norman Sicily, although produced on the periphery of the Islamic centre, can thus be used, rather like the letters of the Cairo Geniza, to establish or to confirm the Islamic original from which they ultimately derive. The evolution of Islamic fiscal administration: a selective account The history of administrative institutions under the first caliphs remains obscure, uncertain and controversial.
144–9. Chapter 1 ‘In the time of the Saracens …’ 17 responsibilities of the provincial governors of Egypt were clearly separated. 27 Amongst their duties was the compilation of the qawnın (sing. qnün), or cadastral registers, used to levy the kharj. These were supposed to be compiled twice a year, in the spring and autumn, by cadastral agents, updating the previous cadastral registers for their localities. The qawnın were supposed to register all kharj-lands, and to list for each its name, surface area, crop in the coming fiscal year, position with regard to the Nile flood, and tax-status, which was determined by an assessment of such variables as the nature and estimated yield of the crop to be grown.
Arabic Administration in Norman Sicily: The Royal Diwan by Jeremy Johns