By Xinzhong Yao
Taking into consideration the lengthy historical past and wide selection of Confucian reports, this ebook introduces Confucianism - initiated in China by means of Confucius (551 BC-479 BC) - essentially as a philosophical and non secular culture. It can pay awareness to Confucianism in either the West and the East, focussing at the tradition's doctrines, faculties, rituals, sacred areas and terminology, but additionally stressing the variations, alterations and new considering happening nowa days. Xinzhong Yao offers Confucianism as a convention with many dimensions and as an old culture with modern charm. this provides the reader a richer and clearer view of the way Confucianism functioned long ago and of what it potential within the current. A chinese language student dependent within the West, he attracts jointly the numerous strands of Confucianism in a mode obtainable to scholars, academics, and normal readers drawn to one of many world's significant non secular traditions.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Confucianism (Introduction to Religion)
To fulﬁl their duties ru had to study not only the rituals proper, but also other relevant subjects such as astronomy/astrology to predict rain or drought. The character ru ( ) is said to come from the character xu ( ). Xu was composed of two parts, ‘cloud’ ( ) above sky ( ) (Yan, 1995: 50), which reveals the relation of ru to ritual dance in rain-praying. In the oracle bone inscriptions, xu was rendered as a man who is in a shower ( ), 19 An introduction to Confucianism suggesting a ritual ablution before a ru went about his responsibilities.
A ru would perform various dances and play music as imprecation for a good harvest and as oCerings to gods or ancestors, and would lead ceremonies for the coming of rain during the seasons of drought. To fulﬁl their duties ru had to study not only the rituals proper, but also other relevant subjects such as astronomy/astrology to predict rain or drought. The character ru ( ) is said to come from the character xu ( ). Xu was composed of two parts, ‘cloud’ ( ) above sky ( ) (Yan, 1995: 50), which reveals the relation of ru to ritual dance in rain-praying.
For thirteen years (497–484 bce), he and a group of his disciples travelled from one state to another, frequently encountering failure and despair. However, he never lost his faith in the Way of Heaven (tian) and his mission in the world. Confucius believed that Heaven is the Ultimate, the source of faith from which he drew his optimism and wisdom in dealing with human aCairs. When Confucius realised that the situation was hopeless and when the political climate in the state of Lu changed, he returned home, devoting the rest of his life to teaching disciples and editing ancient classics, in the expectation that the disciples would carry on his work and pass his teachings on to later generations.
An Introduction to Confucianism (Introduction to Religion) by Xinzhong Yao