Read e-book online Alexander the great failure : the collapse of the Macedonian PDF

By John D Grainger

ISBN-10: 1847251889

ISBN-13: 9781847251886

Alexander's loss of life used to be no longer unpredictable: he suffered repeated wounds in the course of his lifetime, and a couple of introduced him close to loss of life; he drank an excessive amount of; he constructed a fever, in which he persisted to drink an excessive amount of; he believed he used to be a god; he left out his doctor's tips; he used to be confronted with large difficulties which he deliberate to sidestep through happening crusade ... As a last act of irresponsibility, while requested to whom Read more...

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All too often it was relatively easy for one of his enemies to knock Macedon out of the game by inducing an invasion by one enemy or another, or by persuading a pretender to the throne to raise a rebellion. The absence of a governing infrastructure meant that there was no kingdomwide bureaucracy to provide a continuing administrative spine to the country, no professional military force to control internal dissent, discipline unruly barons, or stand guard to deter invaders. 36 Therefore, as a state, Macedon was still a primitive political entity, overly reliant on the strength and wealth and personal charisma of individual kings.

Meanwhile it will be well to take a wider look at the surrounding world, which was to be the political environment in which Philip, and then Alexander, had to operate. When Philip II became king, he already had, unlike most of his royal predecessors, some experience of the world outside his kingdom, and he was also the first Macedonian ruler to make a serious mark on that world. The collapse of the kingdom he had inherited was surely no surprise to outsiders. So Philip’s and Macedon’s impact in the next generation was therefore unexpected and unexpectedly powerful.

Athens, preoccupied by the ‘revolt’ of its allies, did not respond. 23 Philip deflected Athens with negotiations, implying that once he had taken the city he would hand it over to Athens: the negotiations were on how this would be accomplished, or so the Athenians believed. The Chalkidians wanted an alliance with Athens before tackling Philip, but the ‘offer’ of Amphipolis persuaded Athens to reject this request. When he took Amphipolis by assault after a siege Athens hinted at a swap, Pydna for Amphipolis.

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Alexander the great failure : the collapse of the Macedonian Empire by John D Grainger

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