By Andrew Brookes
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Although she makes widespread forays to villages close to and much, she continually returns to Santa Margherita, the place she researches her genealogy within the municipio, is going on adventures together with her cousin Nella, and lines the town's previous in heritage and literature. A superbly wrought meditation on time and position, The Stone Boudoir should be valuable by way of all who love superb trip writing.
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Extra resources for Air War over Italy 1943-1945
The term fascio, once the preserve of the left, was by now commoner on the right, for whose devotees it connoted the fasces, the bound rods borne by the magistracy of Republican Rome, and the notion of ‘strength through unity’. The new movement nevertheless projected itself as a left-wing challenger for the working-class support of socialism. What eventually proved most significant about this programme was its negligible impact: in 19 the November 1919 elections the fascists in Milan – their only sizeable base – polled under 5000 votes out of 275,000 cast.
Viewing fascism in ‘populist’ terms involving constant assemblies, rallies and punitive activities, and nursing a belief in the quasi-mystical, pseudo-democratic bond between leaders and led, these militants now yearned for a fascist capture of the state and especially of its repressive apparatus. The raucousness and violence of this element repelled other fascists: ex-syndicalists whose interest lay in developing fascist unions rather than the party; and sophisticated technocrats such as Bottai who wished the party to function as a nursery for future Italian leaders.
Meanwhile, the political situation looked more and more discouraging. To many Italians, liberal government was coming to seem ineffectual and irrelevant. The crisis of Italy’s war came in October 1917 with her calamitous defeat at Caporetto. In a few weeks 10,000 Italian troops died, 300,000 were wounded, and 300,000 captured by the Austrians, whose army drove seventy miles into Italian – and former Austrian – territory. The politicians’ commitment to democracy was reaffirmed and Italy’s peasant troops were belatedly promised land and improved treatment when the war ended.
Air War over Italy 1943-1945 by Andrew Brookes