By Wolfgang Gentzsch (auth.), Dan Grigoras, Alex Nicolau, Bernard Toursel, Bertil Folliot (eds.)
Started by way of small team of popular scientists with the purpose of sharing wisdom, stories, and effects on all features of cluster computing, the initiative of a workshop on cluster computing bought extra recognition after IFIP WG 10.3 and IEEE Romania part authorised our request for sponsorship. additionally, the appliance for a NATO ARW provide was once winning, resulting in a better curiosity within the workshop. during this admire, we need to say that we selected Romania so as to allure scientists from primary and jap ecu nations and increase the cooperation within the quarter, within the box of cluster computing. We had an incredibly few minutes to prepare the development, yet many of us joined us and enthusiastically contributed to the method. The good fortune of the workshop is entirely as a result of the exertions of the organizing committee, contributors of this system committee, key audio system, audio system from undefined, and authors of approved papers. The workshop consisted of invited and usual paper displays, by way of discussions, on many vital present and rising issues starting from sheduling and cargo balancing to grids. the foremost audio system dedicated their time and efforts to offering the main attention-grabbing result of their examine teams, and all of us thank them for this . All papers have been peer reviewed by means of or 3 reviewers.
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Extra resources for Advanced Environments, Tools, and Applications for Cluster Computing: NATO Advanced Research Workshop, IWCC 2001 Mangalia, Romania, September 1–6, 2001 Revised Papers
While, at the beginning, the message-passing paradigm was undisputable, the extended acquisition of multiple-processors servers (SMP) re-ignited the dispute among message passing and shared-memory adepts. Peer-to-peer computing is a different approach as all computers are peers, and if there exist a server, its function is just to manage directories and redirect initial messages among peers. All the partners play the same roles, and any host in the net can create dynamically a cluster to solve one demanding problem.
The same computers can belong to different clusters or grids, simultaneously, and multiple jobs can run within each cluster. 28 D. Grigoras Fig. 1. Two clusters, A and B are created on a local network. Notice the heterogeneity of the network and the possibility to connect mobile devices. Clusters can be classified according to different parameters that take into account the components source (commodity or not), the target applications, level of security, sharing policies, and the geographic distribution.
2 Supporting Services Cluster and grid technologies build most of their capabilities on existing network protocols and services . 1 Discovery and Addressing Resources and Services Any individual entity of a distributed system is granted a name that uniquely identifies it. Examples of such entities are users, computers and services. Naming services associate names with entities, allowing them to be found on that base. There are many naming services, such as DNS (Domain Name System). This is the Internet’s naming service that converts names to IP (Internet Protocol) addresses, using a predefined hierarchical naming scheme.
Advanced Environments, Tools, and Applications for Cluster Computing: NATO Advanced Research Workshop, IWCC 2001 Mangalia, Romania, September 1–6, 2001 Revised Papers by Wolfgang Gentzsch (auth.), Dan Grigoras, Alex Nicolau, Bernard Toursel, Bertil Folliot (eds.)