By Patricia Cabredo Hofherr (ed.), Ora Matushansky (ed.)
Adjectives are relatively much less good studied than the lexical different types of nouns and verbs. the current quantity brings jointly reviews within the syntax and semantics of adjectives. 4 of the contributions examine the syntax of adjectives in a number of languages (English, French, Mandarin chinese language, glossy Hebrew, Russian, Spanish, and Serbocroatian). The theoretical concerns explored comprise: the syntax of attributive and predicative adjectives, the syntax of nominalized adjectives and the identity of adjectives as a different lexical class in Mandarin chinese language. one other 4 contributions learn diverse elements within the semantics of adjectives in English, French, and Spanish, facing superlatives, comparatives, and element in adjectives. This quantity might be of curiosity to researchers and scholars in syntax, formal semantics, and language typology.
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Additional resources for Adjectives: Formal Analyses in Syntax and Semantics
E. ‘the thick one among high walls’, or with comma intonation and no hierarchy at all11). In (20), the orders (a) and (b) are equally acceptable and do not contrast in any way. Modification by long multiple adjectives shows all properties of stacked adjectives, while short multiple adjectives behave as asyndetically coordinated adjectives. It is now important to correlate the following two observations about long adjectives: First, long adjectives have independently been shown to occupy the Spec positions of distinct functional heads; second, it is precisely these adjectives that show ordering restrictions – a major reason according to Scott, not to consider such adjectives as adjuncts.
Thus, it is possible to have a sentence such as Marko je sta:ra: (lit. g. budala ‘fool’) and not with the masculine noun phrase subject ‘Marko’. 5. An anonymous reviewer points out that distributional properties of the two forms can be explained in semantic terms by saying that short adjectives are used both attributively and predicatively since they are obligatorily non-specific, whereas long adjectives are used only attributively due to their specific (indefinite or definite) reading. Still, we can ask the following (3) a.
D. K. 2002. The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language Cambridge: CUP. Kamp, H. 1975. Two theories about adjectives. ), 123–155. Cambridge: CUP. Kennedy, C. 1999. Projecting the Adjective. The Syntax and Semantics of Gradability and Comparison. New York NY: Garland. Kjellmer, G. 1975. Are Relative Infinitives Modal?. Studia Neophilologica 47: 323–332. Kolliakou, D. 2004. Monadic definites and polydefinites: Their form, meaning and use. Journal of Linguistics 40: 263–323. K. 1998. Events and modification in nominals.
Adjectives: Formal Analyses in Syntax and Semantics by Patricia Cabredo Hofherr (ed.), Ora Matushansky (ed.)