By Philip Carr
This pocket-sized alphabetical consultant introduces the diversity of phenomena studied in phonology and the most theoretical frameworks for conducting phonological research. The entries are a concise and transparent evaluate of 1 of the most parts in linguistic research.
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Additional info for A Glossary of Phonology (Glossaries in Linguistics)
Feature values Some phonologists who postulate that segments are bundles of features argue that features have a binary ‘ϩ’ or ‘Ϫ’ value, as in [+round], a feature said to characterise speech sounds which have lip rounding. Speech sounds which are said to possess the negative feature value [Ϫround] are characterised as lacking lip rounding. Some phonological theories, such as Dependency Phonology, seek to dispose of such binary-valued features, and replace them with elements which are said to be either present or absent, so that sounds with lip rounding have the element [labial], while sounds which lack lip rounding are characterised as not possessing that element.
Depalatalisation A process whereby palatal sounds become non-palatal, usually as a result of a process of assimilation. In Polish, the palatal phonemes /c´ /, /j´/ and /n´/ are realised as alveolar [t], [d] and [n] respectively when followed by coronal segments, as in the morpheme /vilgoc´ / (‘moisture’) which is realised with a [t] in the adjective [vilgotn ] (‘moist’). Dependency Phonology A framework associated with the linguist John M. Anderson, in which the head-dependent A GLOSSARY OF PHONOLOGY 41 relation is central.
See sonority hierarchy. e. become more similar to, another consonant, as in [wpu] for ‘whistle’, where a coronal sound (the [s]) in the adult target is uttered as a labial ([p]), thus harmonising with the initial labial (the [w]). The harmonising consonant may become identical to another consonant, as in [ ɒ ] or [dɒd] for ‘dog’. Child consonant harmony usually involves major place of articulation. There is a general tendency for coronals to cede place of articulation to non-coronals, as in [wpu] and A GLOSSARY OF PHONOLOGY 33 [ ɒ ], but the reverse is attested, as in [dɒd].
A Glossary of Phonology (Glossaries in Linguistics) by Philip Carr